Geologic Publications for Mount Rainier
Foraminiferal evidence for the age of the Mississippian Pella Formation (southeastern Iowa)
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John R. Groves
, Scott R. Beason
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs
The Pella Formation of southeastern Iowa has been correlated variously with the St. Louis Limestone and the Ste. Genevieve Limestone of the upper Meramecian and lower Chesterian stages, respectively, of the type Mississippian succession. The age of the Pella Formation is of interest because in Keokuk County it immediately overlies a fossil tetrapod deposit that is the oldest of its kind in North America above Romer's Gap in early tetrapod evolution. Occurrences of the foraminifer Asteroarchaediscus rugosus indicate that the Pella Formation can be no older than the upper part of the Ste. Genevieve Limestone. Foraminifers are not useful in constraining the upper age limit of the unit, but previously reported conodonts assignable to the Gnathodus bilineatus-Cavusgnathus charactus Assemblage Zone (= Lower bilineatus Zone; Faunal Unit 9) suggest that the Pella can be no younger than mid-Renault Limestone of the Chesterian reference area. The foraminifer Holkeria avonensis occurs abundantly in the Pella Formation. This is the youngest occurrence of the genus and species anywhere in the world, as Holkeria spp. previously were known only from the Holkerian-lower Asbian stages (lower Upper Visean) in Britain, and from the Salem Limestone (middle Meramecian) in midcontinental North America.
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In Text Citation:
Groves and Beason (2006) or (Groves and Beason, 2006)
Groves, J.R. and S.R. Beason, 2006, Foraminiferal evidence for the age of the Mississippian Pella Formation (southeastern Iowa): Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 38, No. 4, 16 p..