Geologic Publications for Mount Rainier
Summit firn caves, Mount Rainier, Washington
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Eugene P. Kiver
, Martin D. Mumma
320 to 322
impact craters caves ice steam glaciers rocks maps summit craters melting ice caves
Heat and steam from the crater fumaroles have melted over 5700 feet (1737 meters) of cave passage in the ice-filled east crater of Mount Rainier. The caves are in approximate balance with the present geothermal heat release. Future changes in the thermal activity of the summit cone will cause corresponding changes in cave passage dimensions, location, and ceiling and wall ablation features.
In Text Citation:
Kiver and Mumma (1971) or (Kiver and Mumma, 1971)
Kiver, E.P. and M.D. Mumma, 1971, Summit firn caves, Mount Rainier, Washington: Science, Vol. 173, No. 3994, pp. 320-322.