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Stream-barb installations for narrow channel bends — a laboratory study

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Author(s): Troy Matsurra, Ronald Townsend

Document Type:
Publisher: Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 2004, 31(3): 478-486
Published Year: 2004
Volume: 31
Number: 3
Pages: 478 to 486
DOI Identifier: 10.1139/l04-017
ISBN Identifier:
Keywords: barb channel bends local scouring bank erosion bank protection secondary currents

Phase 1 of an ongoing laboratory study of a novel form of stream-bank protection structure is described. "Barbs" are dike-like stone structures designed to protect the (usually unstable) outside-bank regions of channel bends. These low-profile structures point upstream into the flow and typically extend to about 1/4-way across the channel. By disrupting near-bank velocity gradients they promote sediment deposition along the eroding outside-bank region. Their presence also modifies the "helicoidal"-type flow pattern of the bend such that secondary currents, which would otherwise attack the outside-bank, are redirected towards the center of the channel. This novel form of bank protection structure is currently undergoing field tests on selected bends on a number of shallow "wide" streams in Illinois, USA. While initial results are encouraging, additional studies are necessary to develop design criteria for their wider application. In phase 1 of this study, the effectiveness of different arrangements of barb groups, in both 90° and 135° moveable-bed bend sections of a hydraulically "narrow" rectangular channel, are investigated. For each hydraulic condition considered, the channel-bed scour profiles generated by the different barb groups are compared to corresponding "reference" profiles generated in the absence of barbs. Judging the effectiveness of the different barb groups in promoting long-term stability of the outside-bank region is based on two criteria: (i) percent reduction achieved in scouring in the vicinity of the outside-bank and (ii) degree to which the channel thalweg (deepest portion) is moved from the outside-bank region towards the center of the channel.

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Suggested Citations:
In Text Citation:
Matsurra and Townsend (2004) or (Matsurra and Townsend, 2004)

References Citation:
Matsurra, T. and R. Townsend, 2004, Stream-barb installations for narrow channel bends — a laboratory study: Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 2004, 31(3): 478-486, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 478-486, doi: 10.1139/l04-017.